Selasa, 20 Februari 2018


The Food Of Hell From Indonesia


Famous as one of the best tropical countries, Indonesia provides tons of uniqueness and excitement. Its nature, culture, and art always bring millions of tourist each year. However, this time we are going to talk about one thing, Indonesia’s cuisine, in particular Sambal.
Sambal or sambel is infamous among tourist as the food of hell for its undeniable ability to make the consumer produces tears and sweat when eating. Produced using chili as its main ingredient, sambal is indeed taste extremely spicy.
Sambal is made by grinding ‘cabai’ or chili, along with several complements such as onion, cherry,  tomato, ‘terasi’, sugar, and salt. The ingredients are grinded using traditional tool made usually from wood or plastic. The texture is smooth with a vibrant color of green and red, depending on which chili you use.
Infamous among tourists for its spiciness, many tourists avoid it. However, some of them are challenged and try to eat it. Those who dare to try usually will get stomach ache or turn very red and sweaty in the face. Though super spicy, locals eat it in almost daily basis as their main meal. 
  2. 

  • "Sambal is made by grinding ‘cabai’ or chili, along with several complements such as onion, cherry,  tomato, ‘terasi’, sugar, and salt." 
I think have never found sambal made with cherry. So that, I think this statement is incorrect.

  • " The ingredients are grinded using traditional tool made usually from wood or plastic. "
I think this statement is not really correct, because the traditional tool is mainly made from stone.   


3. 
Famous as one of the best tropical countries, Indonesia provides tons of uniqueness and excitement. Its nature, culture, and art always bring millions of tourist each year. However, this time we are going to talk about one thing, Indonesia’s cuisine, in particular Sambal.
Sambal or sambel is infamous among tourist as the food of hell for its undeniable ability to make the consumer produces tears and sweat when eating. Produced using chili as its main ingredient, sambal is indeed taste extremely spicy.
Sambal is made by grinding ‘cabai’ or chili, along with several complements such as onion, cherry,  tomato, ‘terasi’, sugar, and salt. The ingredients are grinded using traditional tool made usually from wood or plastic. The texture is smooth with a vibrant color of green and red, depending on which chili you use.
Infamous among tourists for its spiciness, many tourists avoid it. However, some of them are challenged and try to eat it. Those who dare to try usually will get stomach ache or turn very red and sweaty in the face. Though super spicy, locals eat it in almost daily basis as their main meal.

In the Indonesian archipelago, there are as many as 300 varieties of sambal. The intensity ranges from mild to very hot. Some varieties include:
Sambal andaliman
Similar to sambal lado mudo but with the addition of andaliman pepper.
Sambal asam
This is similar to sambal terasi with an addition of tamarind concentrate. Asam means tamarind or sour in Indonesian.
Sambal bajak (badjak)
Banten sambal. Chili (or another kind of red pepper) fried with oil, shallot, garlic, terasi, candlenuts, palm sugar and other condiments. This is darker and richer in flavor than sambal asam.
Sambal balado
Minangkabau style sambal. Chili pepper or green chili is blended together with garlic, shallot, red or green tomato, salt and lemon or lime juice, then sauteed with oil.
Sambal buah
(lit: fruit sambal) specialty of Palembang, made from the mixture of chili, shrimp paste, kemang (a type of mango) and pineapple.
Sambal cibiuk
a sambal recipe specialty of Cibiuk village, Garut Regency, West Java. It consist of coarsely chopped and ground green bird's eye chili, green raw tomato, shallot, galangal, lemon basil, shrimp paste and salt.
Sambal colo-colo
From Ambon, it consists of Indonesian kecap manis (sweet soy sauce), chili, tomatoes bits, shallots and lime it has a chiefly sweet taste. It is suitable for barbecue dishes. Some variations will add butter or vegetable oil to the sambal.
Sambal dabu-dabu
Dabu-dabu comes close to the Mexican salsa sauce, it is of Manado's origin. It consists of coarsely chopped tomatoes, calamansi or known as lemon cui or jeruk kesturi, shallots, chopped bird's eye chili, red chili, basil, poured with hot vegetable oil, salt.
Sambal durian or Sambal tempoyak
It is made from fermented durian called tempoyak. The fermentation process takes 3 to 5 days. The chili and the tempoyak may be readily mixed or served separately, to cater the individual preference in ratio of chili to tempoyak to determine the scale of hotness. This sambal IS available in two varieties: raw and cooked. In the cooked variety, pounded chilis, shallots and lemongrass are stir-fried with anchovies, tempoyak and turmeric leaf (for aroma). Petai (Parkia speciosa) and tapioca shoots are also frequently added. The sweet-sour-hot sambal can be found in Sumatra and Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), especially in Palembang and Bengkulu, and also in Malay Peninsula.
Sambal gandaria
Freshly ground sambal terasi with shredded gandaria, a kind of tropical fruit native to Southeast Asia.
Sambal goreng
Literally means "fried sambal". It is a mix of crisp fried red shallots, red and green chili, shrimp paste and salt, briefly stir-fried in coconut oil. It can be made into a whole different dish by adding other ingredients, such as sambal goreng ati (mixed with diced liver) or sambal goreng udang (added with small shrimp).
Sambal jenggot
Sambal with an addition of grated coconut, similar to urap.
Sambal jengkol
Freshly ground sambal terasi mixed with sliced fried jengkol, a kind of tropical bean with slightly stinky aroma native to Southeast Asia. Sambal jengkol can be found in Sundanese and Cirebon cuisine.
Sambal kalasan
Sometimes also called sambal jawa. Similar to sambal tumis, it is stir fried. It uses a heapful of palm sugar which gives its dark brown color, tomato, spices and chili. The overall flavor is sweet, with mild hints of spices and chili.
Sambal kacang
A mixture of chilli with garlic, shallot, sugar, salt, crushed fried peanuts, and water. Usually used as condiments for nasi uduk, ketan, or otak-otak. The simple version only employ cabe rawit chilli, crushed fried peanuts and water.
Sambal kecap
A sambal consists of Indonesian kecap manis (sweet soy sauce), red chili, tomatoes bits, shallots and lime, it has a sweet and spicy taste and usually used for barbecue dishes.
Sambal kemiri
This is similar to sambal terasi with an addition of candlenuts.
Sambal lado mudo or sambal ijo
Literally a Minangkabau word for "green sambal". It is also known as sambal hijau or sambal ijo, also "green sambal". Sambal lado mudo, a West Sumatran specialty, used green chili, with dried shrimp, red shallots, garlic, and spices. It is one of those taste sensations that’s hard to beat with a unique fresh flavor that compliments the richness of Sumatran food so extremely well. The sambal is stir fried.
Balinese sambal matah
Sambal matah
Raw shallot and lemongrass sambal of Bali origin. It contains a lot of finely chopped shallots, chopped bird's eye chili, lemongrass, cooking oil with a dash of lime juice.
Sambal petai
A mixture of red chilli, garlic, shallot, and petai green stinky bean as the main ingredients.
Sambal petis
An east Javanese sambal uses chili, petis (a kind of shrimp paste), peanuts, young banana, herbs and spices.
Sambal pencit/mangga muda
Green mango sambal from Central Java. Freshly ground sambal terasi with shredded young unripe mango. This is a good accompaniment to seafood. Pencit means young mango in Indonesian.
Sambal plecing
Originating from Lombok island, the sambal consists of Lombok's chili variety and Lombok's lengkare shrimp paste,tomatoes, salt, and lime juice.
Sambal rica rica
A hot sambal from Manado region, it uses ginger, chili, lemon and spices. Suitable for barbecue meats and chicken.
Sambal roa
Spicy smoked roa fish (halfbeak) sambal from Manado region, North Sulawesi.
Sambal rujak
Rujak spicy sauce, made from palm sugar, tamarind, chili pepper and shrimp paste.
Sambal setan
A very hot sambal with Madame Jeanette peppers (red brownish, very sharp). The name literally means "devil's sauce". It is popular in Surabaya.
Sambal taliwang
This variant is native to Taliwang, a village near Mataram, Lombok Island, and is made from naga jolokia pepper grown specially in Lombok, garlic and Lombok shrimp paste. A kilogram of naga jolokia pepper is extracted, ground and pressed. This is mixed with ground garlic and shrimp paste, then cooked with vegetable oil.
Sambal tauco
A Sulawesi sambal, contains the Chinese tauco, lime juice, chili, brown sugar, and salt
 source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sambal

Selasa, 30 Januari 2018

Avicenna, an Inspirational Figure

 

Also popularly known as ‘Avicenna’, Ibn Sina was indeed a true polymath with his contributions ranging from medicine, psychology and pharmacology to geology, physics, astronomy, chemistry and philosophy. He was also a poet, an Islamic scholar and theologian. 

His most important contribution to medical science was his famous book Al Qanun Fi Al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine). This book is an immense five volume encyclopedia of medicine containing over a million words. It comprises of medical knowledge available from ancient and Muslim sources. His other major work is “The Book of Healing”, a scientific and philosophical encyclopedia. 

Early Life

This great scientist was born in around 980 A.D in the village of Afshana, near Bukhara, now in Uzbekistan, which is also his mother’s hometown. His father, Abdullah an advocate of the Ismaili sect, was from Balkh which is now a part of Afghanistan. Ibn Sina received his early education in his home town and by the age of ten he became a Quran Hafiz (he had memorized the Quran). He had exceptional intellectual skills which enabled him to overtake his teachers at the age of fourteen. During the next few years he devoted himself to Muslim jurisprudence, philosophy and natural science and studied logic, Euclid, and Ptolemy’s Almagest.
Ibn Sina was an extremely religious man. When he was still young, Ibn Sina was highly baffled by the work of Aristotle on metaphysics so much so that he would pray to God to guide him. Finally after reading a manual by a famous philosopher al-Farabi, he found the solutions to his difficulties.

Contributions and Achievements

At the age of sixteen he dedicated all his efforts to learn medicine and by the time he was eighteen gained the status of a reputed physician. During this time he cured Nuh II, Ruler of the Samanids, of an illness in which all the renowned physicians had given up hope. On this great effort, the Amir wished to reward him, and the young physician requested consent to use his exclusively stocked royal library.
On his father’s death, when Ibn Sina was twenty-two years old, he moved to Jurjan near the Caspian Sea where he lectured on logic and astronomy. Here he also met his famous contemporary Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. Later he travelled to Rey and then to Hamadan (both in present day Iran), where he wrote and taught his works. Here he also cured Shams al-Dawla, the Emir of Hamadan, from a severe illness.
From Hamadan, he moved to Isfahan (now in central Iran), where he finished his epic writings. Nevertheless, he continued to travel and too much mental exertion as well as political chaos affected his health. The last decade or so of his life, he spent in the service of a military commander Ala al-Dawla Muhammad. He served him as a physician and general literary and scientific consultant, including during his campaigns. He died during June 1037 A.D, aged 58 and was buried in Hamedan, Iran.

Works

Avicenna’s most important contribution to medical science was his famous book Al Qanun Fi Al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine), known as the “Canon” in the West. This book was an immense five volume encyclopedia of medicine including over a million words. It comprised of medical knowledge available from ancient and Muslim sources. This book was translated into Latin in the twelfth century and was used as the standard medical text in European universities until the mid-seventeenth century.
His other major work was “The Book of Healing”, a scientific and philosophical encyclopedia. This book was intended to ‘heal’ the soul. It was split into four parts: logic, natural sciences, mathematics and metaphysics. In his book, he developed his own system of logic, Avicennian logic. In astronomy, he proposed that Venus was closer to the Sun than the Earth. He invented an instrument for observing the coordinates of a star. He made several astronomical observations and stated that the stars were self-luminous. In mathematics, Avicenna explained the arithmetical concept and application of the “casting out of nines”. Ibn Sina also contributed to poetry, religion and music. In total, Avicenna wrote over 400 works, of which around 240 have survived. 



source : https://www.famousscientists.org/avicenna/


Senin, 27 November 2017

Indirect Speeches

Hi! At this time, I will post my English assignment.
This is the indirect speeches from direct speeches in page 28.

Rudi met Ben and greeted him warm-heartedly. He asked Ben how were things going on in his life. Ben replied the greetings and told Rudi about how great he looks in his black jacket. Rudi thanked Ben for saying so. Ben asked Rudi whether the outfit was new or not, for he had never seen it before. Rudi said that his sister had bought the jacket when she went to Singapore.

Rudi then complimented Ben about his new hairstyle. He asked Ben where did he cut his hair, since he liked it a lot. Ben thanked Rudi for thinking so, and told him that it was his brother that had done it for him. He also stated that he could ask his brother to did the same for Rudi if he wanted to. Rudi felt happy and agreed instantly.

Rudi saw Andi walked passed by, and told Ben about Andi's coming. Ben greeted Andi and told him that he had heard the news about Andi won the Speech Competition the month before. And Ben also congratulated Andi for that. Rudi that had just heard the news felt delighted and proud instantly, and complimented Andi for the winning. Andi felt happy and thanked them for saying so.

Senin, 30 Oktober 2017

Makassar Ebony



https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3f/Diospyros_celebica_-_Manado.JPG/1200px-Diospyros_celebica_-_Manado.JPG


http://www.macassarebony.com/Resources/macassar_ebony_matched_boards1.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/walkingcanesticks.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/ebony.jpg?resize=225%2C300

Diospyros celebica (commonly known as Makassar ebony) is a species of flowering tree in the family Ebenaceae that is endemic to the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. The common name Makassar ebony is for the main seaport on the island, Makassar.

Taxonomy
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Plantae
Tracheophyta
   Magnoliopsida
Ebenales
Ebenaceae

Scientific Name:
Diospyros celebica Bakh.
Common Name(s):
English
Indonesian Ebony, Macassar Ebony, Sulawesi Ebony


The tree grows up to 20 m (66 ft) high under favourable circumstances, although such trees are rarely seen nowadays.
Trunk diameter Can reach 150 cm with Buttresses / buttress root circumference That Can reach 4 meters from the ground. Cylindrical rod form with a scaly surface of area and black.
The leaves are elongated with a single size and 12-35 cm wide and 2.5 to 7 cm. Slightly to the base obtuse leaf tips and leaf menjantung type to Slightly typing.

This species is found only on the island of Sulawesi, in the primary forest on clay, sand or rocky soil that has good drainage, with a height of 600 m asl. 
Naturally, ebony sulawesi is found in both tropical rainforests and in jungle forests. This tree produces very good quality timber. 
Naturally stands ebony found in the mountains hilly plains to reach a height of 700 meters Above sea level, the goal IS ebony growth less / not optimal if the grown Above 400 Above sea level so the maximum altitude for cultivation activities 400 masl That.

Taking Into account the natural spread in Sulawesi, ebony Growing There stands in the forest area HAS humid wet season (types AD) forest with 2737 mm rainfall per year average year (Luwu, Mamuju, Poso) and grown in a temperate forest Monsoon season ( type C) with year average Annual rainfall of about 1709 mm per year (Sydney).


Ebony tree classified as semi-tolerant tree species to light. The average air temperature required for the development of plant growth and development ebony 22-280C.


That show area for Distributing ebony ebony trees grow in Areas with rocky old geologically diverse as limestone, sandstone, clay, Naples, slate, etc. ..,



Ebony Began flowering and Fruitful life of 5-7 years with year Estimated month of the flowering season from April to May and fruits mature in September-November.
The collection of ripe fruit on trees or Should Be Collected using Net to Avoid the fruit fall to the forest floor. Because the fruit from the forest floor Can Be Obtained Easily damaged due to fungal attack. The Characteristics of the fruit ripe red fruit skin color of yellow or brown, hairy and dark brown seeds.

 
 
The color of its wood are dark brown , blackish, or black reddish bracelet.

Makassar ebony wood is variegated, streaky brown and black, and nearly always wide-striped. It is considered a highly valuable wood for turnery, fine cabinet work, and joinery, and is much sought for posts (床柱 (tokobashira) in traditional Japanese houses.   to be the main importer of this       wood. It is also used as a wood in fingerboards for guitars and other related instruments.

Since Makassar ebony has been a woodworkers's favourite for centuries, most of it has been felled and used in high-quality furniture. The wood is often defective, showing cracks, and in particular heart shakes and splits. It is not easy to dry and is best given ample time for this. Converting logs into boards as soon as possible is recommended. Any ebony wood is already considered among the world's most expensive.


Ebony tree planting land preparation depends on the condition of land, for the location of vacant land or grassland in total cleaning, Where in the form of land preparation in the logging area form 1 -2 meters.
Planting in Open Areas Should Be Preceded by planting shade trees for shade. Distance of planting shade trees Used 3 x 2.5 x 1.5 or 2.5 and ebony tree spacing of 5 x 5 x 3 or 3. Shade trees Reduced
gradually When ebony reach the level of sampling.


 source:





http://08hachi.blogspot.co.id/2011/08/diospyros-celebica-back.html



Minggu, 08 Oktober 2017

Dago Dreampark : Fun in the Nature!

Hello everyone!
I'm Fiandra and I'm back to describe and advertise a tourist destination, it is Dago Dreampark. You can wacth the advertisement from me in https://youtu.be/vluKJnWprxc

For tourist matters, Bandung never ends up presenting the tourist attraction. Now, in Dago Giri the 22 km, Mekarwangi, Lembang, North Bandung, West Java there is opened a place called Dago Dreampark. According to the name "dreampark" the place has an area of about one hectare, it present a lot of rides, especially for kids.

Because of Dago Dreampark location is hilly there are some rides area. In the highest place, you can find many rides for kids and archery venue. And also available a restaurant with traditional and Europe foods. In that area too, there a park field. The park field is so spacious, so it is divided some area again. In that place, you can make use of bus facilities that will take you to the low area.  In weekdays it is free, but in weekend it is prices 10.000 rupiahs for one down and up.

Well, while in the low area you can find some water rides those are very exciting. There are also Kora-kora (a swing boat), ATV,  anti-gravity house (a house that design upside down, you can find the roof below and the floor above you), horses rides, and many more. For you that loves trekking and mini hiking, Dago Dreampark is the right place for you. There is outbound that we will hunt traces in a hilly place. This place is surrounded by pine, so we can feel a real nature with rides inside there.

I think the most searched by everyone is a photo spot. Don't worry, it provides some great photo spot. For instance the hammock where we can climb onto it and it is arranged in storied. Of course it is an unique photo spot.

Dago Dreampark that open from 8.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. is the right place for you that want to enjoy rides in the nature. Beside the place is very good the ticket is not expensive. For each person up to 2 years old have to pay 15.000 rupiahs to get enter. Then the rides ticket is divided into three parts. Ticket A, which is the cheapest one, 15.000 rupiahs.
Ticket A is used for rides like flying fox and Kora-kora. Two of tickets A can be exchanged to a stick yoghurt.
Ticket B is 25.000 rupiahs. It is used for rides like boat, fishing, and horses rides. Two of tickets B can be exchanged to an ice cream.
And the last is ticket C which is 35.000 rupiahs. It is used for archery and big kids park. Two of them can be exchanged to a yoghurt.

So that... I think that is all from me. We hope you enjoyed my description. Don't forget to visit Dago Dreampark!
Thank you for reading.

Senin, 02 Oktober 2017

Adjectives before a Noun


1. I have a funny normal old blue and black Indonesian plastic glasses.
2. I have a cool normal new white Swiss rubber watch.
3. I have a useful little old blue Indonesian plastic water bottle.
4. I have a nice little new blue Indonesian paper poetry book.
5. I have a simple normal new white Indonesian plastic lunch box.

Senin, 25 September 2017

Qurtsa Activity

Hello everyone!
I'm Fiandra and I'm back to tell you my activity on the 2nd of September 2017 ago.

It is Qurtsa (Qurban Tsalatsa). That means Qurban Three, because we are 3 Senior High School.
Qurtsa is an activity that organize Qurban in 3 Senior High School. This kind of activity has held from several years ago in 3 Senior High School with different name every years. And for this year we took the name is Qurtsa. For Moslem, in the 10th Dzulhijah we always celebrate Eid al-Adha which is we will slaughtered the sacrifical animal and the flesh will be distributed to the poor. Well, those are our duty in Qurtsa. We will prepare all preparation, from the animal, the place, the schedule, until the distribution.
First, I'll tell you that the committe of this activity are us, 3'2020. Not all of us, but some of us that want to this activity go in a good manner. About a month before day of implementation our senior held a meeting for checked who want to be the committe. Then after several days, we gained 95 committe member and we have divided to our division, at that change I was Akhwat Coordinator (Female Coordinator) that would help my female friend and was the intermeditary of the Executing Chairman. In a month, we have do all we can to prepare the succes of this activity until day of implementation in 2nd of September 2017 (11 Dzulhijah).
On that day, we , female committe, were requested to arrived at 6.00 a.m., while the male committe were requested to have a night in the school. In the morning until 7.00 a.m. we have a breakfast then followed by a briefing. Because of my duty was done, I helped the cutting division. In the beginning, we expected that we would not busy, but after the flesh came we didn't have any time to get rest. Almost all time we always working, allthough sometimes there were my friends injured. I have prepared some first aid. Part that I hate was cutting the fat. It is so hard and made my hand stiff. But I love that moments because there were my friends that always by my side.
After all flesh have cut, we get rest and have a lunch together. Some of us tidy up the tools and some of us prayer then help some others. Not a long time, we continue the distribution. The distribution divison have logged who are right to receive the qurban flesh. They were come to our school and we gave the flesh as we have count.
Well, the activity finished at 3.00 p.m.

I think that is all. Thank you for reading.

The Food Of Hell From Indonesia Famous as one of the best tropical countries, Indonesia provides tons of uniqueness and excitement....